Ocean Resources Management Plan
Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan
Please Select the hyperlink for answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the ORMP.
The Hawaiʻi Ocean Resources Management Plan (ORMP) sets forth guiding principles and recommendations for the State of Hawaiʻi to achieve comprehensive and integrated ocean and coastal resources management. Section 205A-62, Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes, charges the Office of Planning, Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Program, with the review and periodic update of the ORMP, as well as coordination of overall implementation of the plan. The ORMP was recently updated in July of 2013, and continues a place-based approach to management of ocean resources in the islands, based on recognition of the ecological connections between the land and sea, the link between human activities and its impacts on the environment, and the need for improved collaboration and stewardship in natural resources governance.
Previous versions of this plan go back to 1985, however, the 2013 ORMP builds on traditional Hawaiian management principles and lessons from past efforts, advances the shift toward integrated and area-based approaches to natural and cultural resources management that require greater collaboration among jurisdictional authorities, and includes community involvement and stewardship. This powerful management system embraces practices and relationships between the land, ocean and the community, as stewards of the resources. And it recognizes the need for the community and government to work together in collaboration.
The 2013 ORMP is defined by three Guiding Perspectives:
- Perspective 1: Connecting Land and Sea
Careful and appropriate use of the land is required to maintain the diverse array of ecological, social, cultural, and economic benefits we derive from sea.
- Perspective 2: Preserving Our Ocean Heritage
A vibrant and healthy ocean environment is the foundation for the quality of life valued in Hawai‘i and the well-being of its people, now and for generations to come.
- Perspective 3: Promoting Collaboration and Stewardship
Working together and sharing knowledge, experience, and resources will improve and sustain our efforts to care for the land and sea.
Because change takes time, four phases of implementation were recognized. The ORMP maps incremental 5-year management priorities to embark on a new course of action and achieve the primary goal: to improve and sustain the ecological, cultural, economic, and social benefits we derive from ocean resources today and for future generations. The first phase, termed Demonstration, has started and begins to demonstrate how the guiding perspectives are being implemented through various partnerships throughout the state.Moving into the second phase, termed Adaptation, the perspectives would start being applied throughout all islands and in all areas. This leads to the third phase of Institutionalization that would come about ten years later in 2021. The final phase, Mainstreaming, is expected by twenty years, around 2030. The 2013 ORMP marks the beginning of the Adaptation Phase.
ORMP Policy and Working Groups
The CZM Program has obtained the support of the Governor, Executive Branch, and the Legislature for implementing the 2013 ORMP. Charged with coordinating the implementation of the ORMP, an Executive-level, multi-agency Policy Group was established in the summer of 2007 to oversee the implementation and further development of the plan. The Working Group consisting of the managers and staff of the departments represented by the Policy Group focuses on ORMP implementation and are tasked with coordinating their agency’s implementation efforts. The Working Group will also develop legislative proposals to further support implementation efforts. The Working Group continues to meet monthly to streamline implementation and to further develop the ORMP. The Policy Group meets twice annually to recommit staff time and support for ORMP implementation, to guide the work of the Working Group, and to approve their work tasks and recommendations for next steps.
Policy Group and Working Group Members:
- City and County of Honolulu, Board of Water Supply
- City and County of Honolulu, Department of Planning and Permitting
- County of Hawaii, Planning Department
- County of Kauai, Planning Department
- County of Maui, Department of Planning
- Marine and Coastal Zone Advocacy Council (MACZAC)
- NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Pacific Islands Region
- NOAA Office of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management
- NOAA Pacific Services Center
- Office of Hawaiian Affairs
- State of Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Aquaculture Development Program
- State of Hawaii Civil Defense
- State of Hawaii Department of Health
- State of Hawaii Department of Land & Natural Resources
- State of Hawaii Department of Transportation, Harbors Division
- State of Hawaii Office of Planning
- United States Coast Guard
- United States Army Corps of Engineers
- University of Hawaii, Center for Island Climate Adaptation and Policy
- University of Hawaii, School of Ocean and Earth Science & Technology / Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System
- University of Hawaii, Sea Grant College Program
Click here for the ORMP Collaboration Report Form.